Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) is a statutory body established under the Ministry of Health & Family Welfare, Government of India. The FSSAI has been established under the Food Safety and Standards Act, 2006, which is a consolidating statute related to food safety and regulation in India. FSSAI is responsible for protecting and promoting public health through the regulation and supervision of food safety.

FSSAI was established by Former Union Minister Dr. Anbumani Ramadoss, Government of India on 5 August 2011 under Food Safety and Standards Act, 2006 which was operationalized in year 2006. The FSSAI consists of a chairperson & 22 members. 

The FSSAI is responsible for setting standards for food so that there is one body to deal with and no confusion in the minds of consumers, traders, manufacturers, and investors.

The FSS Act is a summed up version for all the older laws, rules and regulations for food safety. They are:-

  1. Prevention of Food Adulteration Act, 1954
  2. Fruit Products Order, 1955
  3. Meat Food Products Order, 1973
  4. Vegetable Oil Products (Control) Order, 1947
  5. Edible Oils Packaging (Regulation) Order 1988
  6. Solvent Extracted Oil, De- Oiled Meal and Edible Flour (Control) Order, 1967
  7. Milk and Milk Products Order, 1992

FSSAI is located in 5 regions

  1. Northern Region – With head office at New Delhi.
  2. Eastern Region.
  3. North Eastern Region.
  4. Western region.
  5. Southern Region.

Powers and duties of FSSAI

The following are the statutory powers and duties that the FSS Act, 2006 gives to the Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI). 

  1. Framing of regulations to lay down food safety standards
  2. Laying down guidelines for accreditation of laboratories for food testing
  3. Providing scientific advice and technical support to the Central Government
  4. Contributing to the development of international technical standards in food
  5. Collecting and collating data regarding food consumption, contamination, emerging risks, etc.
  6. Disseminating information and promoting awareness about food safety and nutrition in India

Main aim of FSSAI

  1. Lay down science-based standards for articles on food
  2. To regulate the manufacture, storage, distribution, import, and sale of food
  3. To facilitate the safety of food

Standards framed by FSSAI are prescribed under Food Safety and Standards (Food Product Standards and Food Additives) Regulation, 2011, Food Safety and Standards (Packaging and Labelling) Regulation, 2011 and Food Safety and Standards (Contaminants, Toxins, and Residues) Regulations, 2011.

The FSSAI has prescribed standards for the following:

  1. Dairy products and analogues
  2. Fats, oils and fat emulsions
  3. Fruits and vegetable products
  4. Cereal and cereal products
  5. Meat and meat products
  6. Fish and fish products
  7. Sweets & confectionery
  8. Sweetening agents including honey
  9. Saltspices, condiments and related products
  10. Beverages, (other than dairy and fruits & vegetables based)
  11. Other food product and ingredients
  12. Proprietary food
  13. Irradiation of food
  14. Fortification of staple foods i.e. vegetable oil, milk, salt, rice and wheat flour/Maida

Step 1 – Check the eligibility of the food business and fill the FSSAI licensing registration Form A on FSSAI website and make the payment for FSSAI application at the FBO which is nearby your locality.

Step 2 – Once the payment confirmation is reflected in your FSSAI account, you need to file Form B with the government. There are multiple declarations and resolutions that need to be filed with your application. E.g., board resolution, owner self-declaration. These declarations should ideally be prepared by a company secretary.

Step 3 – The government may send back your application for edits – if you fail to respond with 15 days of the application, then your application will be rejected.

The government department will take 45-60 working days to completely review your application and approve the same.

  1. FSSAI Licence adds the benefit of a aware, reliable & loyal customer base.
  2. FSSAI Registration is done under the regulatory body FSSAI, and legal action can be taken for any non- compliance.
  3. FSSAI logo is a mark of validity and an assurance to your consumers that the food is safe to consume.
  4. The goodwill of the Food Safety Management Systems (FSMS) will make a business available and effortless to expand.
  1. Interventions by authority. 
  2. High standards to be followed. 
  3. Hassle of renewal.

FSSAI License validity stretches out from 1 to 5 years. According to the FSSAI rules, the FBO is required to appeal for the renewal of the license in 30 days and it should be made before its expiry. Any FSSAI renewal application filed exceeding the expiry date is required to pay a late fee of Rs. 100.

Note: Food Business Operator (FBO) has to login in FLRS to apply for Renewal, Modification, Duplicate License /Registration Certificate. Kindly check the supporting documents list and fee structure for Renewal / Modification / Duplicate License /Registration Certificate. FBO can Surrender / transfer (only in case of death of License/Registration certificate holder) the License /Registration certificate without any fee.

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